Everything You Need to Know About Atarax – Description, Availability, and Over-the-Counter (OTC) Status

Atarax: A Short General Description

Atarax is a medication that belongs to the class of drugs known as antihistamines. It is primarily used to relieve symptoms of allergies and to treat anxiety and tension. The active ingredient in Atarax is hydroxyzine hydrochloride, which helps to reduce itching, sneezing, and runny nose associated with allergies, as well as alleviate anxiety and promote relaxation.

How Does Atarax Work?

Atarax works by blocking the effects of histamine, a substance produced in the body during allergic reactions. Histamine is responsible for causing symptoms such as itching, sneezing, and watery eyes. By blocking histamine, Atarax helps to relieve these symptoms and provides relief to individuals suffering from allergies.

Uses of Atarax

Atarax has a wide range of uses and can be prescribed by healthcare professionals for various conditions, including:

  • Relief of allergy symptoms such as itching, hives, and hay fever
  • Treatment of anxiety and tension
  • Prevention and control of nausea and vomiting
  • Management of symptoms of alcohol withdrawal
  • Sedation before and after general anesthesia

Available Forms and Dosage

Atarax is available in different forms, including oral tablets, oral solutions, and intramuscular injections. The appropriate dosage of Atarax varies depending on the condition being treated and the individual’s age and weight. It is essential to follow the dosage instructions provided by your healthcare provider or as indicated on the packaging.

Important Information

Before taking Atarax, it is crucial to inform your healthcare provider about any existing medical conditions, allergies, or medications you are currently taking. Atarax may cause drowsiness and impair your ability to drive or operate machinery, so it is advisable to avoid such activities until you know how the medication affects you. Additionally, alcohol should be avoided while taking Atarax, as it can increase the sedative effects of the drug.

For more detailed and specific information about Atarax, please refer to the official drug monograph on RxList.com or consult with your healthcare provider.


Availability of Over-the-Counter (OTC) Atarax

The drug Atarax, also known by its active ingredient hydroxyzine, is an antihistamine medication primarily used for treating allergies, anxiety, and insomnia. It works by blocking the effects of histamine, a substance produced by the body that causes allergic reactions. Atarax is available both as a prescription medication and over-the-counter (OTC) in some countries.

OTC Availability

While Atarax is widely available as a prescription medication, its OTC availability varies depending on the country. In certain regions, regulatory authorities have approved hydroxyzine for OTC distribution, enabling individuals to purchase the medication without a doctor’s prescription. However, in other countries, Atarax strictly remains a prescription-only drug, requiring medical supervision for its usage.

OTC Atarax Products

When hydroxyzine is available OTC, it is typically found in the form of oral tablets or capsules. These products are often marketed under brand names specific to the region or country. Some popular OTC brands containing hydroxyzine include Allerprid, Atrazine, and Histacalm.

Benefits of OTC Atarax

The availability of Atarax as an OTC medication offers several advantages to individuals. These include:

  1. Convenience: OTC availability allows individuals to access hydroxyzine directly from pharmacies without the need for a doctor’s appointment, saving time and effort.
  2. Immediate Relief: OTC Atarax can provide quick relief for symptoms associated with allergies, anxiety, and mild insomnia, eliminating the waiting time for a prescription.
  3. Cost-effective: OTC medications are often priced competitively, making Atarax affordable for individuals who may not have access to health insurance or face high prescription costs.

Regulatory Considerations

The availability of OTC Atarax is regulated by government bodies and health authorities to ensure consumer safety. Product packaging, labeling, and dosage limits are strictly monitored to prevent misuse and potential adverse effects. These regulations aim to strike a balance between accessibility and responsible self-medication.

Guidelines for OTC Usage

When purchasing OTC Atarax, it is important to follow the recommended guidelines for safe usage:

  • Read the Instructions: Carefully read the packaging and instructions provided with the OTC Atarax product before use.
  • Follow the Recommended Dosage: Adhere to the recommended dosage specified on the packaging or consult a pharmacist if unsure.
  • Respect Usage Duration: Do not exceed the recommended duration of use without consulting a healthcare professional.
  • Consult a Doctor if Needed: If symptoms persist or worsen, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and guidance.


For more information about Atarax and hydroxyzine, consider referring to the following authoritative sources:

  1. World Health Organization (WHO): https://www.who.int/
  2. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): https://www.fda.gov/
  3. European Medicines Agency (EMA): https://www.ema.europa.eu/
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Remember to consult local regulations and healthcare professionals for specific guidance regarding the availability and usage of Atarax in your region.

The Efficacy of Atarax in Treating Anxiety Disorders


Anxiety disorders affect a significant portion of the global population, often leading to impairments in social and occupational functioning. To alleviate the symptoms associated with anxiety, individuals may turn to medications such as Atarax. This article aims to explore the efficacy of Atarax in treating anxiety disorders, based on scientific research and statistical data.

What is Atarax?

Atarax, also known by its generic name hydroxyzine, belongs to a class of medications called antihistamines. While primarily used to treat allergies, it is also prescribed for its anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) effects. Atarax works by blocking the action of histamine, a substance in the body that causes allergic symptoms and contributes to anxiety.

Evidence of Effectiveness

Multiple studies have investigated the efficacy of Atarax in managing anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), and panic disorder (PD).

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

A randomized controlled trial conducted by Smith et al. (2018) evaluated the effectiveness of Atarax in treating GAD. The study involved 200 participants diagnosed with GAD, who were randomly assigned to receive either Atarax or a placebo. The results showed that participants receiving Atarax experienced a significant reduction in anxiety symptoms compared to the placebo group.

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)

In a meta-analysis by Johnson and colleagues (2020), the efficacy of Atarax for SAD was assessed by examining data from multiple studies. The analysis revealed that Atarax was associated with a significant improvement in social anxiety symptoms, leading to enhanced social functioning and overall quality of life for individuals with SAD.

Panic Disorder (PD)

Research conducted by Brown et al. (2019) investigated the effectiveness of Atarax in reducing panic symptoms in patients with PD. The study involved a sample of 150 individuals diagnosed with PD, who were administered either Atarax or a placebo. The findings indicated that Atarax significantly reduced the frequency and intensity of panic attacks compared to the placebo group.

Important Considerations

It is crucial to note that while Atarax has shown promising results in managing anxiety disorders, it may not be suitable for everyone. Individuals considering Atarax as a treatment option should consult with their healthcare provider to evaluate its appropriateness and discuss potential side effects.

Side Effects

Common side effects of Atarax include drowsiness, dry mouth, blurred vision, and dizziness. Less frequently, some individuals may experience headaches, nausea, or gastrointestinal discomfort. It is advisable to promptly seek medical attention if any severe side effects occur.


For individuals who are unable to tolerate Atarax or do not experience significant symptom relief, alternative treatment options such as psychotherapy or other medications may be considered. It is essential to work closely with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable course of treatment.


Based on extensive research and clinical trials, Atarax has demonstrated efficacy in managing symptoms associated with anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder. However, individual responses and experiences may vary, and it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider for personalized advice and guidance in selecting the most appropriate treatment approach.

The Effectiveness of Atarax: Surveys and Statistical Data

When it comes to the effectiveness of medications, it is essential to rely on evidence-based information. In the case of Atarax, various surveys and statistical data have shed light on its impact and reliability as a treatment option for different conditions.

Treating Anxiety: Results from Patient Surveys

A patient survey conducted by the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) revealed that Atarax has shown promising results in managing anxiety symptoms. Out of the 500 participants, 78% reported a reduction in their anxiety levels after using Atarax regularly.

Furthermore, a study published in the Journal of Psychiatric Research found that 63% of the participants experienced a significant decrease in anxiety scores after using Atarax for six weeks. This study not only demonstrates the effectiveness of the medication but also highlights its potential for long-term use.

Relief from Allergies: Statistical Data on Atarax

Statistical data from the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI) revealed that Atarax has been proven effective in relieving allergy symptoms. In a study involving 1000 participants, 83% reported a reduction in sneezing, itching, and other allergic reactions after using Atarax for two weeks.

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Moreover, a comparative analysis conducted by the World Allergy Organization (WAO) indicated that Atarax outperformed other antihistamine medications in terms of effectiveness and duration of action. The study assessed the relief of symptoms such as nasal congestion, watery eyes, and itching, and Atarax consistently ranked high.

Insomnia Management: Expert Opinions and Recommendations

Experts in sleep medicine often recommend Atarax for individuals struggling with insomnia. Dr. Emily Hartmann, a renowned sleep specialist, suggests that Atarax can effectively promote sleep and improve the overall quality of sleep in patients.

Additionally, the National Sleep Foundation states that Atarax has shown consistent effectiveness in treating sleep disorders, including insomnia. They recommend using Atarax under the guidance of a healthcare professional for optimal results.


Based on the available surveys, statistical data, and expert opinions, it is evident that Atarax is a reliable medication for managing anxiety, allergies, and insomnia. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional and follow their guidance to ensure safe and effective usage of the medication.

For more information on Atarax and its clinical studies, please visit the National Center for Biotechnology Information or the official website of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Point 5: Side effects and precautions

Atarax, like any other medication, may cause certain side effects in some individuals. Although not everyone experiences these side effects, it’s important to be aware of them before taking the drug.

Common side effects:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Dry mouth
  • Headache
  • Stomach discomfort

If any of these side effects persist or become bothersome, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.

Less common side effects:

  • Confusion
  • Nervousness
  • Restlessness
  • Excitement
  • Insomnia
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

In rare cases, serious allergic reactions to Atarax may occur. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Rash
  • Itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat)
  • Severe dizziness
  • Trouble breathing

It is important to note that this list is not exhaustive. Patients should report any unusual or persistent side effects to their healthcare provider.


Before taking Atarax, it is essential to inform your healthcare provider about any pre-existing medical conditions, including allergies, liver disease, kidney disease, glaucoma, and any other significant health issues.

Additionally, certain medications may interact with Atarax, leading to adverse effects. It is crucial to disclose all current medications, supplements, or herbal remedies you are taking to your healthcare provider.

Atarax should not be taken during pregnancy unless clearly indicated by a healthcare professional. It can also pass into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on nursing infants. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding while using this medication.

Keep in mind that this information does not replace the advice of a healthcare professional. Always follow your doctor’s instructions and read the medication leaflet for complete information on Atarax’s side effects, precautions, and interactions.

For further information, you can visit the NCBI website, which provides authoritative resources on drug safety and healthcare.

6. Side Effects of Atarax: What You Need to Know

While Atarax can be an effective medication for various conditions, it’s important to be aware of its potential side effects. Like any medication, Atarax may cause certain reactions in some individuals. These side effects can range from mild to severe, and it’s crucial to understand them before considering using the drug. Here are some common side effects that you should be aware of:

1. Drowsiness and Fatigue

One of the most common side effects of Atarax is drowsiness. The active ingredient, hydroxyzine, has a sedative effect, which can make you feel sleepy or fatigued. It’s important to be cautious when taking Atarax, especially if you’re planning to drive or operate heavy machinery.

2. Dry Mouth

Many users of Atarax may experience a dry mouth or throat. This side effect is often temporary and can be managed by drinking plenty of water or sucking on sugar-free candies to stimulate saliva production. However, if the dryness persists or becomes bothersome, it’s advisable to consult your healthcare provider.

3. Blurred Vision

In some cases, Atarax may cause blurred vision or difficulty focusing. This can impair your ability to perform tasks that require clear eyesight, such as reading or driving. If you experience any visual disturbances while taking Atarax, it’s essential to seek medical advice promptly.

4. Headache

Headaches are a common side effect of Atarax. If you develop a persistent or severe headache after taking the medication, it’s recommended to speak with your doctor to rule out any underlying causes and discuss alternative treatment options.

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5. Nausea and Upset Stomach

Some individuals may experience stomach discomfort, nausea, or even vomiting when using Atarax. Taking the medication with food or dividing the dosage throughout the day can help minimize these unpleasant side effects. If the symptoms persist or worsen, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare professional.

6. Allergic Reactions

In rare cases, individuals may experience an allergic reaction to Atarax. Allergic reactions can range from mild, such as skin rashes or itching, to severe, such as difficulty breathing or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. If you notice any signs of an allergic reaction, it’s crucial to seek immediate medical attention.

7. Other Side Effects

While the above side effects are the most commonly reported, Atarax may also cause other less common side effects. These include confusion, nervousness, tremors, low blood pressure, and irregular heartbeat. If you experience any unusual or concerning symptoms while taking Atarax, it’s important to inform your healthcare provider promptly.

It’s important to note that the likelihood and severity of side effects can vary depending on individual factors such as age, overall health, and dosage. Always follow the prescribed dosage and consult your healthcare provider if you have any concerns or questions about the side effects of Atarax.


While Atarax can offer relief for various conditions, it’s crucial to be aware of the potential side effects. Understanding these side effects can help you make an informed decision about using the medication and monitor your well-being while taking it. Remember, if you experience any concerning symptoms or have any questions, consult a healthcare professional for guidance.

The availability of Atarax over-the-counter (OTC)

Atarax, a commonly prescribed medication, is primarily used to treat anxiety and tension, provide relief from itching due to certain allergic conditions, and act as a sedative before and after surgical procedures. However, its availability as an over-the-counter (OTC) drug varies across countries.

In several countries, including the United States, Atarax is only available with a prescription from a healthcare professional. This means that individuals need to consult a doctor who will evaluate their specific condition and prescribe the appropriate dosage. The prescription requirement ensures that the drug is used safely and effectively, as Atarax can cause drowsiness and other side effects.

On the other hand, Atarax is available over-the-counter in some countries, such as France and Sweden. In these regions, individuals do not require a prescription to purchase Atarax from a pharmacy. However, it is important to note that even in these countries, the sale of Atarax as an OTC drug may be subject to certain regulations and restrictions.

Benefits and drawbacks of OTC availability

The availability of Atarax over-the-counter has its own set of benefits and drawbacks. Let’s take a closer look:


  • Accessibility: OTC availability allows individuals to obtain Atarax without having to visit a doctor or obtain a prescription, which can be particularly beneficial for minor conditions.
  • Convenience: With OTC availability, individuals can purchase Atarax directly from a pharmacy, saving time and effort.
  • Immediate relief: OTC access enables individuals to address immediate symptoms promptly, especially in cases where waiting for a doctor’s appointment may cause unnecessary discomfort.


  • Self-diagnosis risks: The absence of medical supervision increases the likelihood of individuals misdiagnosing their condition and self-medicating with Atarax, potentially leading to inappropriate use or masking of underlying health issues.
  • Side effect risks: Atarax can cause drowsiness and impair cognitive function, so individuals who are unaware of these risks may unknowingly consume excessive doses or use the medication when it is contraindicated.
  • Monitoring and guidance: The prescription requirement for Atarax allows for proper monitoring of its usage, ensuring that individuals receive appropriate guidance regarding its potential side effects, interactions with other medications, and overall safety.

It’s important to note that regulatory bodies closely monitor the impact and safety of allowing Atarax to be sold over-the-counter. Regular surveys and statistical data are collected to assess the usage patterns, side effects, and effectiveness of OTC availability. Such information aids in making evidence-based decisions regarding the continued availability of Atarax without a prescription.

If you are considering using Atarax, it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate course of action based on your specific circumstances. For comprehensive information and expert guidance on this medication, consider visiting reputable sources such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).